The Renaissance is a period in European history, covering the span between the 14th and 17th centuries, which is bridged by the Age of Enlightenment to modern history. The intellectual basis of the Renaissance was its own invented version of humanism, derived from the concept of Roman Humanitas and the rediscovery of classical Greek philosophy, such as that of Protagoras, who said that "Man is the measure of all things." This new thinking became manifest in art, architecture, politics, science and literature.
The Enlightenment (also known as the Age of Enlightenment or the Age of Reason, was an intellectual and philosophical movement that dominated the world of ideas in Europe during the 18th century, "The Century of Philosophy". The Enlightenment included a range of ideas centered on reason as the primary source of authority and legitimacy and came to advance ideals like liberty, progress, tolerance, fraternity, constitutional government and separation of church and state.
Together, renaissance and enlightenment, made the modern world.
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