Teaching is helping and guiding others to acquire knowledge, competences or values. It can be done in a informal setting, such as homeschooling, or in a formal setting, such as school, college etc.
In many countries, teaching is becoming a career for paid and trained professionals.
The four competences of teaching:
the teacher as manager of instruction;
the teacher as caring person;
the teacher as expert learner; and
the teacher as cultural and civic person
Then, we have Pedagogy, a discipline that deals with the theory and practice of teaching and how these influence student learning. Pedagogy informs teacher actions, judgments, and teaching strategies by taking into consideration theories of learning, understandings of students and their needs, and the backgrounds and interests of individual students. Pedagogy includes how the teacher interacts with students and the social and intellectual environment the teacher seeks to establish. Its aims may include furthering liberal education (the general development of human potential) to the narrower specifics of vocational education (the imparting and acquisition of specific skills).
Instructive strategies are governed by the pupil's background knowledge and experience, situation, and environment, as well as learning goals set by the student and teacher. One example would be the Socratic method.
The teaching of adults, as a specific group, is referred to as andragogy.
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